What's on the horizon for the global economy?

Our weekly updated overview highlights the key releases of global economic market data from around the globe and provides an economic outlook for the rest of 2021 by region.

  • In our Week Ahead podcast we are discussing the main themes that will drive Global markets.
  • Our updated calendar identifies the top events that should be on your radar this week.
  • We also provide an outlook overview region by region for the rest of the year.

Our view in a nutshell

Japan

  • We expect growth to accelerate on vaccination progress, but another pandemic surge suggests flat short-run economic activity.
  • With the prolonged pandemic pushing down inflation, elevated international commodity prices will gradually push the rate higher.
  • We do not expect the Suga cabinet to make any significant change in economic policy and in BOJ’s monetary policy.
  • The risk is renewed yen appreciation, caused by deepening US-China tensions and further risk averse moves in markets.

Asia

  • Asia’s growth is on a bumpy upcycle and is likely to become more broad-based across exports and domestic demand.
  • The vaccine pivot point is ahead, with six economies likely to cross the threshold by Q3, enabling consumption spending to catch up.
  • Northeast Asia benefits from chip shortages amid the tech super cycle, with better pandemic resilience supporting consumption.
  • In Southeast Asia/India, elevated cases and tighter government restrictions could weigh on near-term domestic demand.
  • We expect Singapore and Taiwan to be the growth leaders in the region, while Thailand and the Philippines could lag.
  • Drivers of inflation will likely shift from supply-side to demand-push, but still broadly within the central bank targets.
  • We expect policy divergences this year, with a RRR cut in China, rate hikes in Korea and India and unchanged rates elsewhere
  • China: We expect downward pressure to increase in H2, and Beijing to counteract with “targeted tightening + universal easing”.
  • Korea: We expect economic recovery to slow, but the BOK is likely to hike rates in August and November.
  • India: The second wave should slow near-term growth, but the medium-term upcycle and policy normalization from Q4 2021 are intact.
  • Indonesia: The impact of the latest Covid wave on GDP and the fiscal deficit will be large, raising debt monetization risks further.
  • Australia: Extending COVID-19 lockdowns add near-term downside risk but should not derail the broader recovery.

United States

  • Vaccinations and economic re-opening are boosting growth, but supply constraints may limit the pace of normalization.
  • Democratic control in Washington means more fiscal stimulus, but partisanship and narrow majorities will likely constrain policy.
  • We expect constant Fed asset purchases through 2021 before a gradual taper in 2022.
  • The Fed will likely stay at the ELB at least through Q1 2023 with inflation remaining the key determinant to liftoff.
  • The unemployment rate will decline more gradually from here as the pace of recovery slows relative to the post-lockdown rebound.
  • Economic reopening and supply chain disruptions will likely push up near-term inflation, but we expect deceleration in 2022.Notable risks include new SARS-CoV-2 variants along with both upside and downside risk around fiscal policy.

Europe

  • As lokdowns are lifted the recovery in euro area GDP should strengthen, particularly as we head into the second half of 2021.
  • Base effects, policy and weight changes, and global price pressures set to raise European inflation well-above target by year-end.
  • We expect ECB PEPP tapering from September and ultimately, as the program finishes, a switch into increased APP buying.
  • With mobility rising significantly the risks are for an earlier recovery in UK GDP to pre-pandemic levels than our Q2 2022 view.
  • Inflation is accelerating and we have raised our Q4 2021 view to 3.2%. Still, we see inflation falling back to target by end-2022.
  • Following another £150bn of QE the BoE should be done with easing. We expect combined QT and rate hikes from early 2023.

For more information read our weekly report here

Contributor

  • Rob Subbaraman

    Head of Global Macro Research

  • Lewis Alexander

    Chief US Economist

  • George Buckley

    Chief UK & Euro Area Economist

  • Ting Lu

    Chief China Economist

  • Takashi Miwa

    Chief Japan Economist

  • Sonal Varma

    Chief Economist, India and Asia ex-Japan

Disclaimer

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