Why investors need more than data...
Companies have traditionally been measured on purely financial metrics. However, over the past decade, there has been a paradigm shift in the focus of investor’s attention towards non-financial information, much of which collectively falls under environmental, social and governance (ESG) metrics.
The increased requirement for companies to disclose these non-financial metrics, sometimes referred to as “invisible value”, presents a problem for companies and investors alike. With no universally agreed set of standards for measuring this data, it can be hard to understand what these metrics mean – both for companies reporting them, and for investors attempting to compare them with a company’s peers. One area which has proved particularly difficult is an inability to clearly explain the relationship between ESG (i.e. non-financial information) and business (financials).
By some estimates there are around 600 organizations providing ESG evaluation services. This plethora of providers has led to more confusion, with myriad approaches providing differing metrics and emphasising different aspects of non-financial information, which in turn makes comparison difficult.
In recent years there has been a move to unify the information disclosed internationally. For example, at the 2020 “Davos” Summit, the World Economic Forum published the findings of a six-month consultation looking at how to define common metrics for sustainable value creation. The resulting set of “Stakeholder Capitalism Metrics” and disclosures can be used by to align a company’s mainstream reporting on performance against ESG indicators and track their contributions towards the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals on a consistent basis.
According to the WEF, the metrics are deliberately based on existing standards, with the near-term objective of accelerating convergence among the leading private standard-setters and bringing greater comparability and consistency to the reporting of ESG disclosures. These metrics are shown in the chart below:
Shortly after the WEF published its guidelines, five global organizations, whose frameworks, standards and platforms inform the majority of sustainability reporting, announced a shared vision of what is needed for progress towards comprehensive corporate reporting – and the intent to work together to achieve it.
The drive to standardise ESG reporting is expected to culminate in a global bid for a consensus at the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) in November.
However, while these initiatives are in their infancy, companies and investors will have to prioritise those indicators they see as important. These should centre on objectivity, comparability, and ease of showing progress over time.
Investors value transparency to make informed decisions and so it is essential that companies are able to prove their non-financial credentials. Clarity and consistency will enable investors to provide correct appraisals of companies and for companies to maintain positive relationships with stakeholders.
Sustainability Consulting Group, Nomura
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