EU Sustainable Finance Rules Start to Take Shape
The Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulations (SFDR) are a set of rules designed to shine a light on ESG information in the fund management industry to help inform investors about the types of green assets they are putting their money into. The EU’s policy objective is to divert a greater amount of private wealth towards sustainable investing. The regulation should create a more level playing field to compare how asset managers are approaching major issues like climate change.
It also requires asset managers to publish the adverse effects of their investments on the environment and society, which will help to prevent ‘greenwashing’, the act of dressing up a product to be more environmentally-friendly than it actually is.
The EU began applying SFDR to asset managers doing business in Europe on March 10 but more detailed dislcosures won’t be mandated until 2022. Europe’s money managers have been practising ESG integration to the tune of €3.8 trillion, or 16% of investment funds and discretionary investments as of the end of 2019, according to the European Fund and Asset Management Association. The rules are being introduced just as funds for ESG management are increasing.
SFDR requires asset managers and financial advisors,to disclose ESG-related information on an entity basis and by financial product(Table 1).
Money managers and advisers are required to publish their policies on their websites. An important area of disclosure is called Principal Adverse Impacts, which deals with the negative effects of investment decisions and advice on sustainability factors. This is designed to prevent ‘greenwashing’ and allow investors to weigh the positive and negative activities of the firm.
This is divided according to the nature of the product. First, market participants assess and reveal sustainability risks that may affect returns. They also need to disclose financial products that promote environmental and social characteristics (Article 8), also called Light Green; and financial products that aim at sustainable investment (Article 9), known as Dark Green.
However, it is unclear which products fall under Light and Dark green because the definitions are ambiguous. Article 8 does not define what constitutes "promotion" of environmental and social characteristics. In other words, it is not clear which actions constitute advertising, yet at the same time SFDR requires disclosure of sustainability risks that may affect returns for all financial instruments.
Article 9 covers impact investment funds but it is unclear how much sustainable investment should be targeted. It defines sustainable investment as conditional upon (1) investing in economic activities that contribute to environmental or social goals, (2) not having a material adverse effect on either environmental or social goals, and (3) having good governance practices in terms of sound management structure, employment relationships, employee compensation, tax and compliance.
Under these circumstances, market participants are required to make their own judgement about whether products fall under Article 8 or Article 9 until detailed regulations are finalized.
Asset managers and other entities have already started moving forward with their response to the rules. Below are some real examples:
While the SFDR regime is in its infancy and detailed regulations have yet to be finalized, asset managers that sell to EU investors already have a number of Light Green and Dark Green financial products. However, depending on how the European Commission establishes the bylaws, detailed ESG disclosures will not be available to investors until 2022. The incoming EU taxonomy may also affect SFDR by pushing companies to reveal more sustainability information. This is a transitional period that promises to greatly increase transparency and prevent greenwashing.
Financial Industry Analyst, NICMR
Financial Industry Analyst, NICMR
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